domingo, 20 de março de 2011

Tourist State Park Cantareira

It is a fragment of the Atlantic with several species of fauna and flora. The Serra da Cantareira was named by cowboys who made the trade between Sao Paulo and other regions of the country in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The large number of springs and streams supplied water found there, which was stored in jars (jars for storing water) and, after being filled, were put on shelves, call the. The Park comprises part of the Sierra, but not all of it. It offers three tracks: Fig Tree with 700 yards, with the Big Stone and 7 km da Bica with 1,500 yards.
Currently with 7916.52 ha (79 million square feet of Atlantic forest) spread over four counties in the Greater Sao Paulo, the Park was declared in the late nineteenth century, to ensure water supply for the city of São Paulo.
Since the 1990s, the park is threatened by speculation, due to the illegal subdivision of adjoining private areas, which facilitates the formation of slums in and around the same area within the park.
The park is divided by districts and Tremembé Mandaqui, although apparently there is no document that says precisely that the district actually owned the park. The same occurs with its neighbor, the Horto Florestal de São Paulo.

It has four cores Visit: Boulder, Clear Water, and Engordador Cabuçu:

Study area

The first opened in 1989 with three tracks:

• Trail das Figueiras, with 1,200 route ranging from mild to steep;
• Track Bica: 1.500m with smooth ride;
• Trail Boulder: 9.500m with a steep route.
Engordador nucleus.

The name arose from the farm that existed there at the end of the seventeenth century, where it was held the "fattening cattle. It has three tracks:

• Waterfall Trail, with 6.500m;
• Trail Macuco: 700m route to take;
• Mountain Bike Trail, with 1,400 route ranging from mild to steep;
• Trail Sagui;
• Trail Macuco.

Parking at the Center until the end of Engordador Waterfall Trail

Core Clear Water

The Clear Water Center, located in North St. Paul, is more geared toward more environmental education. In it, one can go through four tracks:

• Track Clear Water: almost 700m;
• Trail Fern-açú: 1.250m to walk by a mall ferns up to 2.5 m;
• Trail of Araucaria: all lined with 1.250m Araucaria;
• Puma Trail, with 1,200;
• Pinheirinho Trail: a trail very long, widely practiced by off-road vehicles.

Some species found in the park:

• Fauna: monkey, deer, sloth, squirrel (or squirrel), coati, pit viper, coral, puma
• Flora: tree fern or fern-açu, now endangered due to uncontrolled exploitation. Very old tree, a contemporary of the dinosaurs, fig tree, which boasts more than 5000 species worldwide, mostly in tropical climates. Due to the strength of its roots, not advisable to plant it near buildings, with the certainty of cracks and crevices in walls, Blackwood Paulo, cinnamon, incense, embaúba, Tapia-Mirim, tree inhabitant mainly of hills and mountains, and its wood is widely used in wood industry, stick alligator, has grown rapidly, reaching its 90 km in 2 years, palm-sweet (or hoists, or palm), native to the Atlantic, lashes-horse-pasture d'anta, rose cedar, bamboo, Araucaria, heliconia, jequitibá white, Vassourão-white (or Vernon), philodendros, cabreúva,-footed cow, named after the shape of the leaves, flattened circular, and bromeliads originating from the Americas, tropical forests, features more than 200 species, genus and pineapple is used for production of potatoes and strawberries.
World's Largest Urban Forest
It is popularly widespread idea that the Serra da Cantareira, with its 64,800 ha (which is housed in the State Park of Serra da Cantareira) is the largest urban forest in the world. However, there are other forests also important, as the State Park of Pedra Branca in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai, India - both of native forest. The definition of urban forest varies from country to country, the reason that hinders the establishment of a clear ranking of urban forests, by size. Runs the risk of environmental degradation, along with the Park Forest Arboretum, with the construction of the section north of the Mario Covas Ring Road. It is speculated that the work may compromise the road Cantareira system, affecting water supplies of São Paulo.

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